Poem

Patterns

Limerick

short, funny poem
5 lines
lines 1,2 and 5 rhyme
lines 3 and 4 rhyme
follows this pattern:

There once was a kangaroo
ho hopped down the avenue.
When he stopped to say,
Have a nice day
It caused quite a hullabaloo.


Haiku

form of Japanese poetry
3 lines
every line begins with a capital
poem is about nature
total of 17 syllables
second line is the longest
doesn’t rhyme
one idea
descriptive language

Warm April sunrise-
Tender green shoots pierce the soil,
Aiming for the sun.


Tanka

form of Japanese unrhymed poetry
similar to a Haiku – starts out as a Haiku but adds 2 more lines called ageku
has a pattern of syllables

line 1 = 5 syllables
line 2 = 7 syllables
line 3 = 5 syllables
line 4 = 7 syllables
line 5 = 7 syllables

Sparrows chirp sweetly
To welcome the spring sunrise,
Disturbing my dream.
Weary, I stretch, rub my eyes
I’m not yet ready to sing.


Lanterne

5 line poem
each line has a specific number of syllables

line 1 = 1 syllable
 line 2 = 2 syllables
 line 3 = 3 syllables
 line 4 = 4 syllables
line 5 = 1 syllable

lines do not rhyme
poem is based on one sentence or idea

Our
dizzy
gray kitten
plays hide and seek
Boo!


Cinquain

cinq = 5 lines
each line has a specific number of syllables
line 1 = 2 syllables
line 2 = 4 syllables
line 3 = 6 syllables
line 4 = 8 syllables
line 5 = 2 syllables

                        each line has its own idea

lines 1 and 5 = title
line 2 = description of topic
line 3 = action of topic
line 4 = feelings about topic

Chorus
Many voices
Creating harmony
Joyous,hopeful,graceful,dreamy 
Music

Resource: Scholastic – Instant Activities for Poetry That Kids Really Love

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