STAGES WITHIN THE INFORMATION PROCESSPlanning Stage (by the end of Grade 6)
During the planning stage of the information process, students are usually involved in a classroom theme, unit of study, or a personal interest. Part of the planning or defining stage for students involves determining what their purpose or task really is. They need to be able to clarify the task, to put it in their own words, and to work out a plan for its completion. The following skills and strategies may be included:
Topics are identified for further inquiry; these often arise from the discussion that surrounds purposeful activity. Students, with the assistance of their teachers, decide on a general topic or problem that requires information to be further explored, or possibly even answered.
Through brainstorming what students already know, the topic or problem is then webbed, or clarified and narrowed, to make it more manageable and personal for students.
Questions are developed and students use their individual or group questions to guide information processing. As they begin to ask questions, students also develop a growing sense of ownership for the problem or topic. Search terms or key words can also be determined to assist students as they further their inquiry.
Sources of information that can be used by students are considered. Students will need to consider how they will evaluate the information they locate.
Methods for recording information, data, or notes are demonstrated or reviewed; strategies for keeping track of the materials they used are also introduced.
It is also important for students to know, at this planning stage, whether products are required and, if so, what types of products they will create and who their audiences will be for sharing their new discoveries and creations.
To view samples of learning strategies/cognitive organizers for students, click on Learning Strategies. You may wish to download/print these strategies, and adapt them for your students!
Show Me The Student Learning Outcomes For This Stage
Show Me The Gathering Information Stage