STAGES WITHIN THE INFORMATION PROCESSGathering Information Stage (by the end of Grade 3)
At this stage of the process, students access and learn how to evaluate appropriate learning resources (print, non-print, electronic, human, community). They locate the resource, and find the information within the resource. Students need gradual, structured opportunities to learn and practise several important skills and strategies:
select an appropriate resource from a display, centre or station
use organizational features within a resource (e.g. table of contents, index, glossary, captions)
skim, scan, view, and listen to information to determine whether the content is relevant to the topic questions
search (with assistance) a card catalog or electronic catalog (OPAC) to find titles and call numbers for resources, and then locate resources using the call number
use, with assistance, electronic sources, such as CD-ROM or the Internet
To view samples of learning strategies/cognitive organizers for students, click on Learning Strategies. You may wish to download/print these strategies, and adapt them for your students!
Until students are more independent, teachers usually preselect resources to ensure that they are accurate, readable, interesting, and have organizational features so that students may find the information they need within the learning resource. Students also need help to realize that fewer, appropriate resources are better than a multitude of inappropriate resources. Volunteers and library monitors can be trained by teachers and teacher-librarians to provide assistance with information gathering to individual students. It is also helpful to involve students in discussion about their successes and difficulties in locating appropriate informational resources.
Show Me The Student Learning Outcomes For This Stage
Show Me The Interacting With Information Stage