STAGES WITHIN THE INFORMATION PROCESSGathering Information Stage (by the end of Grade 6)
At this stage students access appropriate learning resources (print, non-print, information technology, human, community). They locate the actual resource, and find the information within the resource. Students may be expected to locate a preselected resource in a learning centre or station, or a website prepared by the teacher. They may need to engage in their own search for learning resources and information. They will be expected to learn and practise several skills at this stage:
search a card catalogue or electronic catalogue (OPAC) for titles and call numbers for appropriate resources
locate resources (e.g., non-fiction books, World Wide Web sites, CD ROM) and select a particular resource)
select appropriate resources from a display, center, or station
use organizational tools and features within the resource (e.g., table of contents, index, glossary, captions, icons, menu prompts, VCR counter to identify video clips of specific relevance)
use key words to skim, scan, view, and listen to information to determine whether the content is relevant to the topic questions
Students may need "mini lessons" to introduce or reinforce skills and strategies related to gathering information (e.g., using print or electronic catalogue, magazines, and computer software; using organizational features such as table of contents, indexes, captions, and headings to find information within the resource). Students may need help to realize that fewer appropriate resources are better than a multitude of inappropriate resources. Volunteers and/or library monitors can be trained by teachers and library professionals to provide assistance with information gathering to individual students. It is helpful to involve students in discussion about their successes and difficulties in locating appropriate information/resources and the special features as well as unique or conflicting content found during their examinations of various learning resources.
To view samples of learning strategies/cognitive organizers for students, click on Learning Strategies. You may wish to download/print these strategies, and adapt them for your students!
Show Me The Student Learning Outcomes For This Stage
Show Me The Interacting With Information Stage