The Information Process
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  • The Heart of Resource-Based Learning
  • A Description of the Information Process
  • A Closer Look at the Information Process
    Introduction Information Literacy Learning Outcomes Building Plans Building Site What's New



    Gathering Information Stage (by the end of Grade 12)

    A wide range of resources in varied formats should be used by students in the search for information by the end of grade twelve students will be expected to:

    • identify, list, and prioritize types of information needed and possible sources (in all available formats... print, non print, electronic, community)
    • construct effective search strategies (using appropriate subject headings, keywords)
    • conduct searches of print, non print indexes and other increasingly complex organizational features (using appropriate subject headings, keywords)
    • conduct electronic index searches, (eg. Boolean operators for for online searching)
    • locate appropriate materials (and locate/use necessary equipment for these) in a variety of libraries and locations
    • select appropriate resources in a range of media using prescribed criteria
    • use organizational tools and features within a resource to quickly evaluate and determine its relevance and usefulness
    • skim, scan, view, listen to information to determine the point of view or perspective from which the content is organized or told, and whether the content is relevant and useful for the particular task or purpose

    This chart (Search Engine Summary Sheet, 1998) was developed by Peter Griesbauer, P.E.I. Department of Education, and is recommended for students when selecting an appropriate search engine for conducting their online searches:


    Fewer appropriate resources are often better than a multitude of inappropriate resources. This fact is important for both students and their teachers to remember... assigning a project or paper with a specific number of sources may not be appropriate for all inquiry topics or for all students.

    To view samples of learning strategies/cognitive organizers for students, click on Learning Strategies. You may wish to download/print these strategies, and adapt them for your students!

    Show Me The Student Learning Outcomes For This Stage

    Show Me The Interacting With Information Stage

    Building Information Literacy Return to Top