The Information Process
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  • The Heart of Resource-Based Learning
  • A Description of the Information Process
  • A Closer Look at the Information Process
    Introduction Information Literacy Learning Outcomes Building Plans Building Site What's New



    Organizing Information Stage (by the end of Grade 9)

    This stage of the Information Process requires students to organize the information they have gathered, evaluated, and recorded, to answer the questions generated during the planning stge. There should be an emphasis on students determining whether they have "enough" or "appropriate" information, and on analyzing and combining their data, notes, and ideas in order to construct new ideas and understanding.

    Students need to use a variety of strategies to organize the information they have collected during the previous stages in the process, including:

    • Numbering or letter coding notes according to their questions/sub-topics
    • Coloring/highlighting notes according to questions/sub-topics
    • Sequencing notes to construct meaning
    • Sorting data in a database (by fields, records, etc.)
    • Numbering or ordering Index Cards (putting their notes into an "order")
    • Developing a more formal/traditional outline (using numbers, letters to order their notes for a written or other type of product/presentation, then using sub-topics and point-form notes or sentences)
    • Webbing their data or other findings to illustrate/communicate meaning
    • Using a Flow Chart to show trends or relationships in their data/findings
    • Creating directories with files containing information (organized by sub-topics/questions)
    • Create a file of annotated links to relevant Internet resources

    Students will also review their information with regard to their guiding questions and the stated requirements of the activity, to determine whether they need more information or further clarification, before they proceed with creating their products. They may need to "reframe" their assignments in light of new information.

    Conferencing (with teachers, peers) will provide support at this critical stage. They will need to determine whether they have "enough" (and appropriate) information in order to create a required product and/or synthesize their own thoughts into an informed presentation or action. A "check-point" is recommended at this point to ensure that students are ready to proceed beyond this stage in the Information Process.

    To view samples of learning strategies/cognitive organizers for students, click on Learning Strategies. You may wish to download/print these strategies, and adapt them for your students!

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    Show Me The Creating New Information Stage

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