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  • BUILDING INFORMATION LITERACY  
    Introduction Information Literacy Information Process Learning Outcomes Building Site What's New

     

    Bridges

    • Grade 4
    • Language Arts Grade 4 Innovations in Science Project
    St. Peter's Consolidated School
    St. Peter's, PE, C0A 2A0
    Telephone: 961-7275
    Fax: 961-7277
    Website: http://www.edu.pe.ca/stpeters/

    Teachers:
    Eileen Higginbotham, Teacher-Librarian (higginbe@stpeters.edu.pe.ca)
    Isabel Lewis, Grade 4 Classroom Teacher (lewisz@stpeters.edu.pe.ca)
    Cathy Meade, Grade 4 Classroom Teacher


    Project Outline

    Introduction
    (Curriculum Context - Background Information)

    This project is a grade four Science/Language Arts Project. It concentrates on the Bridges theme found in "Innovations In Science". This project lasted six weeks but the RBL portion ran for two weeks.


    General Goals
    (Why are we doing this?)

    To heighten students' awareness about bridge design.

    To satisfy science curriculum goals.

    To give the students opportunities to experiment with a variety of bridge designs.

    To work towards a goal in a small group format.

    To incorporate lessons for diverse learning styles.


    Student Learning Outcomes
    (Knowledge, Skills, Strategies and Attitudes from the Atlantic [APEF] Curriculum)

    Planning Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO A (Speaking/Listening)
    speak and listen to explore, extend, clarify and reflect on their thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences

  • explore and discuss their thoughts, ideas, and experiences and consider those of their peers (1)
  • ask and respond to questions to clarify information and explore solutions to problems (e.g., using an interview format) (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO B (Speaking/Listening)
    communicate information and ideas effectively and clearly, and to respond personally and critically

  • contribute to conversations and small-group and whole-group discussion, show an awareness of when to speak and when to listen (1)
  • give and follow instructions and respond to questions and directions (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO E (Reading/Viewing)
    interpret, select, and combine information using a variety of strategies, resources, and technologies

  • answer, with assistance, their own and others' questions by seeking information from a variety of texts
    -- determine their own and community (class) needs for information
    -- recognize the purpose of classification systems and basic reference materials
    -- reflect on the process of generating and responding to their own and others' questions (1)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO H (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use writing and other forms of representation to explore, clarify, and reflect on their thoughts, feelings, experiences, and learnings; and to use their imagination

  • use strategies in writing and other ways of representing to
    -- formulate questions and organize ideas
    -- generate topics of personal interest and importance
    -- discover and express personal attitudes, feelings, and opinions
    -- compare their own thoughts and beliefs to those of others
    -- describe feelings, reactions, values, and attitudes
    -- record experiences
    -- formulate goals for learning
    -- practise strategies for monitoring their own learning (1)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO I (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    create texts collaboratively and independently, using a variety of forms for a range of audiences and purposes

  • demonstrate an awareness of purpose and audience (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO J (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use a range of strategies to develop effective writing and media products to enhance their clarity, precision, and effectiveness

  • demonstrate a commitment to shaping pieces of writing and other representations through stages of development (4)
  • Gathering Information Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO D (Reading/Viewing)
    select, read, and view with understanding a range of literature, information, media, and visual texts

  • describe their own processes and strategies in reading and viewing (5)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO E (Reading/Viewing)
    interpret, select, and combine information using a variety of strategies, resources, and technologies

  • answer, with assistance, their own and others' questions by seeking information from a variety of texts
    -- determine their own and community (class) needs for information
    -- recognize the purpose of classification systems and basic reference materials
    -- use a range of reference texts and a database or an electronic search to facilitate the selection process (1)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO F (Reading/Viewing)
    respond personally to a range of texts

  • describe, share, and discuss their personal reactions to texts (1)
  • give reasons for their opinions about texts and types of texts and the work of authors and illustrators (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO G (Reading/Viewing)
    respond critically to a range of texts, applying their knowledge of language, form, and genre

  • use their background knowledge to question information presented in print and visual texts (1)
  • identify conventions and characteristics of different types of print and media texts that help them understand what they read and view (2)
  • Interacting With Information Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO A (Speaking/Listening)
    speak and listen to explore, extend, clarify and reflect on their thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences

  • explore and discuss their thoughts, ideas, and experiences and consider those of their peers (1)
  • ask and respond to questions to clarify information and explore solutions to problems (e.g., using an interview format) (2)
  • explain personal opinions and respond to the questions and opinions of others (3)
  • listen critically to others' ideas or opinions expressed (4)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO B (Speaking/Listening)
    communicate information and ideas effectively and clearly, and to respond personally and critically

  • contribute to conversations and small-group and whole-group discussion, show an awareness of when to speak and when to listen (1)
  • give and follow instructions and respond to questions and directions (3)
  • engage in and respond to oral presentations (4)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO D (Reading/Viewing)
    select, read, and view with understanding a range of literature, information, media, and visual texts

  • use pictures and illustrations, word structures, and text features (e.g. table of contents, headings and subheadings, glossaries, structures of narrative and expository texts, key ideas, and margin notes) to locate topics and obtain or verify understandings of information (3)
  • use and integrate the pragmatic, semantic, and graphophonic cueing systems... and a variety of strategies to construct meaning (4)
  • describe their own processes and strategies in reading and viewing (5)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO E (Reading/Viewing)
    interpret, select, and combine information using a variety of strategies, resources, and technologies

  • answer, with assistance, their own and others' questions by seeking information from a variety of texts
    -- determine their own and community (class) needs for information
    -- recognize the purpose of classification systems and basic reference materials
    -- use a range of reference texts and a database or an electronic search to facilitate the selection process (1)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO F (Reading/Viewing)
    respond personally to a range of texts

  • describe, share, and discuss their personal reactions to texts (1)
  • give reasons for their opinions about texts and types of texts and the work of authors and illustrators (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO H (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use writing and other forms of representation to explore, clarify, and reflect on their thoughts, feelings, experiences, and learnings; and to use their imagination

  • use strategies in writing and other ways of representing to
    -- formulate questions and organize ideas
    -- generate topics of personal interest and importance
    -- discover and express personal attitudes, feelings, and opinions
    -- compare their own thoughts and beliefs to those of others
    -- describe feelings, reactions, values, and attitudes
    -- record experiences
    -- formulate goals for learning
    -- practise strategies for monitoring their own learning (1)
  • experiment with different ways of making their own notes (e.g. webbing, jot notes, matrix) (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO J (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use a range of strategies to develop effective writing and media products to enhance their clarity, precision, and effectiveness

  • select, organize, and combine relevant information from two or more sources to construct and communicate meaning (5)
  • Organizing Information Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO G (Reading/Viewing)
    respond critically to a range of texts, applying their knowledge of language, form, and genre

  • use their background knowledge to question information presented in print and visual texts (1)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO J (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use a range of strategies to develop effective writing and media products to enhance their clarity, precision, and effectiveness

  • select, organize, and combine relevant information from two or more sources to construct and communicate meaning (5)
  • Creating New Information Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO A (Speaking/Listening)
    speak and listen to explore, extend, clarify and reflect on their thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences

  • explain personal opinions and respond to the questions and opinions of others (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO H (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use writing and other forms of representation to explore, clarify, and reflect on their thoughts, feelings, experiences, and learnings; and to use their imagination

  • experiment with language, appropriate to purpose, audience, and form, that enhances meaning and demonstrates imagination in writing and other ways of representing (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO I (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    create texts collaboratively and independently, using a variety of forms for a range of audiences and purposes

  • create written and media texts, collaboratively and independently, in different modes... and in a variety of forms
    -- recognize that particular forms require the use of specific features, structures, and patterns (1)
  • demonstrate an awareness of purpose and audience (2)
  • invite responses to early drafts of their writing/media productions
    -- use audience reaction to help shape subsequent drafts (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO J (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use a range of strategies to develop effective writing and media products to enhance their clarity, precision, and effectiveness

  • develop a range of prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, proofreading, and presentation strategies (1)
  • select, organize, and combine relevant information from two or more sources to construct and communicate meaning (5)
  • Sharing and Presenting Information Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO A (Speaking/Listening)
    speak and listen to explore, extend, clarify and reflect on their thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences

  • explore and discuss their thoughts, ideas, and experiences and consider those of their peers (1)
  • ask and respond to questions to clarify information and explore solutions to problems (e.g., using an interview format) (2)
  • explain personal opinions and respond to the questions and opinions of others (3)
  • listen critically to others' ideas or opinions expressed (4)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO B (Speaking/Listening)
    communicate information and ideas effectively and clearly, and to respond personally and critically

  • contribute to conversations and small-group and whole-group discussion, show an awareness of when to speak and when to listen (1)
  • use word choice, tone of voice, facial expressions, and gestures appropriate to the speaking occasion (2)
  • give and follow instructions and respond to questions and directions (3)
  • engage in and respond to oral presentations (4)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO C (Speaking/Listening)
    interact with sensitivity and respect, considering the situation, audience and purpose

  • show an awareness of the kinds of language appropriate to different situations and audiences (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO I (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    create texts collaboratively and independently, using a variety of forms for a range of audiences and purposes

  • demonstrate an awareness of purpose and audience (2)
  • invite responses to early drafts of their writing/media productions
    -- use audience reaction to help shape subsequent drafts (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO J (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use a range of strategies to develop effective writing and media products to enhance their clarity, precision, and effectiveness

  • select, organize, and combine relevant information from two or more sources to construct and communicate meaning (5)
  • Assessment and Evaluation Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO A (Speaking/Listening)
    speak and listen to explore, extend, clarify and reflect on their thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences

  • explore and discuss their thoughts, ideas, and experiences and consider those of their peers (1)
  • ask and respond to questions to clarify information and explore solutions to problems (e.g., using an interview format) (2)
  • listen critically to others' ideas or opinions expressed (4)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO B (Speaking/Listening)
    communicate information and ideas effectively and clearly, and to respond personally and critically

  • contribute to conversations and small-group and whole-group discussion, show an awareness of when to speak and when to listen (1)
  • use word choice, tone of voice, facial expressions, and gestures appropriate to the speaking occasion (2)
  • give and follow instructions and respond to questions and directions (3)
  • engage in and respond to oral presentations (4)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO C (Speaking/Listening)
    interact with sensitivity and respect, considering the situation, audience and purpose

  • show an awareness of the kinds of language appropriate to different situations and audiences (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 4
    GCO E (Reading/Viewing)
    interpret, select, and combine information using a variety of strategies, resources, and technologies

  • answer, with assistance, their own and others' questions by seeking information from a variety of texts
    -- determine their own and community (class) needs for information
    -- recognize the purpose of classification systems and basic reference materials
    -- use a range of reference texts and a database or an electronic search to facilitate the selection process (1)


  • Learning Resources Required
    (Print, non-print, audio-visual, electronic, community)

    Print - Books About Bridges

    • Teachers Resource Centre Bridge Theme box, Assorted,
    • Cross A Bridge, Ryan Ann Hunter, Holiday House 1998
    • Bridges, Norman & Madelyn Carlisle, Children's Press 1983
    • Bridges, Ken Robbins, Dial Books 1991
    • Bridges, Etta Kaner, Kids Can Press 1994
    • Bridges, David Outerbridge, Harry N. Abrams Inc. 1989
    • Bridges, Carol A. Johmann & Elizabeth J. Rieth, Williamson Publishing 1999
    • Three Billy Goats Gruff, Any,
    • Superstructures:Bridges, Chris Oxlade,

    Audio/Visual

    • How Do They Build Bridges?, Pop. Mech. For Kids/HGV Video Prod. 1996 (Videocassette)
    • Big Cable Bridges, TRC Theme box (Videocassette)

    Electronic - Websites

    Electronic - CD-ROM

    • Golden Book Encyclopedia For Kids, (Jostens Learning Corporation)

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