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  • BUILDING INFORMATION LITERACY  
    Introduction Information Literacy Information Process Learning Outcomes Building Site What's New

     

    The Earth's Crust

    • Grade 8
    • Science Face-Lifting a Planet
    Southern Kings Consolidated School
    RR #4, Montague, Peter's Road, PE, C0A 1R0
    Telephone: 962-7400
    Fax: 962-7406
    Website: http://www.edu.pe.ca/southernkings/

    Teachers:
    Merilyn Mitchell, Teacher Librarian (mitchelm@southernkings.edu.pe.ca)
    David Miles, Grade 8 Science Teacher (milesd@southernkings.edu.pe.ca)


    Project Outline

    Introduction
    (Curriculum Context - Background Information)

    In a resource based learning environment, Grade 8 students at Southern Kings Consolidated School will explore the earth science unit of study, 'Face-Lifting a Planet'. To accomplish this, students will participate in cooperative small groups in an inquiry-based project collaboratively planned, implemented and evaluated by the teacher librarian and science teacher.


    General Goals
    (Why are we doing this?)

    The overall goal is to actively engage the students in cooperative scientific inquiry, and to allow them to access, use and evaluate information from a range of print, non-print, and electronic sources; the Internet will also be used as a tool for communication (e-mail and creation of webpages).


    Student Learning Outcomes
    (Knowledge, Skills, Strategies and Attitudes from the Atlantic [APEF] Curriculum)

    Planning Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO A (Speaking/Listening)
    speak and listen to explore, extend, clarify and reflect on their thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences

  • consider and reflect on the contributions of others' ideas during discussions (1)
  • ask questions that probe for accuracy, relevancy, and validity; respond thoughtfully and appropriately to such questions (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO B (Speaking/Listening)
    communicate information and ideas effectively and clearly, and to respond personally and critically

  • contribute to small-group conversation and whole-group discussion, choosing appropriate strategies that contribute to effective talk (1)
  • give instructions and respond appropriately to instructions, directions, and questions (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO D (Reading/Viewing)
    select, read, and view with understanding a range of literature, information, media, and visual texts

  • select texts that address their learning needs and range of special interests (1)
  • explain, with some regularity, how authors use pictorial, typographical, and other organizational devices like tables and graphs to achieve certain purposes in their writing, and rely on those devices to construct meaning and enhance understanding (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO E (Reading/Viewing)
    interpret, select, and combine information using a variety of strategies, resources, and technologies

  • access appropriate print and non-print sources with increasing independence and select information to meet specific needs with increasing speed, accuracy, and confidence (1)
  • experiment with and rely upon a range of print and non-print (e-mail, CD-ROMs, online databases...) sources for accessing and selecting information (2)
  • employ various relevant research strategies like generating questions, drafting an outline, or interviewing peers to determine what questions they would like (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO H (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use writing and other forms of representation to explore, clarify, and reflect on their thoughts, feelings, experiences, and learnings; and to use their imagination

  • demonstrate competence in the frequent use of writing and representing strategies to extend learning; to explore their own thoughts and consider others' ideas, to reflect on their feelings, values, and attitudes; and to identify problems and describe logical solutions (1)
  • identify and reflect upon strategies that are effective in helping them learn; to describe their personal growth as language learners and language users (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO I (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    create texts collaboratively and independently, using a variety of forms for a range of audiences and purposes

  • consider and choose writing forms that match both the writing purpose (to define, report, persuade, compare) and the reader for whom the text is intended (understand why language choice, organization, and voice used in an essay differs from that used in a media advertisement) (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO J (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use a range of strategies to develop effective writing and media products to enhance their clarity, precision, and effectiveness

  • attempt to use various technologies for communicating to a variety of audiences for a range of purposes (3)
  • demonstrate a commitment to crafting pieces of writing and other representations (4)
  • Gathering Information Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO D (Reading/Viewing)
    select, read, and view with understanding a range of literature, information, media, and visual texts

  • select texts that address their learning needs and range of special interests (1)
  • explain, with some regularity, how authors use pictorial, typographical, and other organizational devices like tables and graphs to achieve certain purposes in their writing, and rely on those devices to construct meaning and enhance understanding (3)
  • read with greater fluency, confidence, and comprehension by furthering personal understanding, recognition, and use cueing systems and strategies to read and view increasingly complex texts (4)
  • regularly identify the processes and strategies readers and viewers apply when constructing meaning; develop an understanding of the personal processes and strategies applied when reading and viewing; reflect on personal growth as readers and viewers of texts and use this awareness of personal development to push reading and viewing abilities even further (5)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO E (Reading/Viewing)
    interpret, select, and combine information using a variety of strategies, resources, and technologies

  • access appropriate print and non-print sources with increasing independence and select information to meet specific needs with increasing speed, accuracy, and confidence (1)
  • experiment with and rely upon a range of print and non-print (e-mail, CD-ROMs, online databases...) sources for accessing and selecting information (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO F (Reading/Viewing)
    respond personally to a range of texts

  • elaborate personal reactions to what is read and viewed by providing some extended explanations, examples, and supporting arguments (1)
  • state personal points of view about what is read and viewed and justify views with increasing regularity (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO G (Reading/Viewing)
    respond critically to a range of texts, applying their knowledge of language, form, and genre

  • recognize that texts need to be assessed for bias and broaden their understanding and awareness of the ways in which print and media texts can be biased; begin to question and think critically about the relevance and reliability of information for answering questions and inquiries (1)
  • identify the various features and elements writers use when writing for specific readers for specific purposes; describe how texts are organized to accommodate particular readers' needs and to contribute to meaning and effect (2)
  • expand on earlier abilities to respond critically to a range of texts in various ways
    -- understand how personal knowledge, ideas, values, perceptions, and points of view influence how writers create texts
    -- recognize how and when personal background influences meaning construction, understanding, and textual response
    -- describe how cultures and realities are portrayed in media texts (3)
  • Interacting With Information Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO A (Speaking/Listening)
    speak and listen to explore, extend, clarify and reflect on their thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences

  • consider and reflect on the contributions of others' ideas during discussions (1)
  • ask questions that probe for accuracy, relevancy, and validity; respond thoughtfully and appropriately to such questions (2)
  • state a point of view in a convincing manner, offering relevant information to support that viewpoint (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO B (Speaking/Listening)
    communicate information and ideas effectively and clearly, and to respond personally and critically

  • contribute to small-group conversation and whole-group discussion, choosing appropriate strategies that contribute to effective talk (1)
  • give instructions and respond appropriately to instructions, directions, and questions (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO D (Reading/Viewing)
    select, read, and view with understanding a range of literature, information, media, and visual texts

  • select texts that address their learning needs and range of special interests (1)
  • explain, with some regularity, how authors use pictorial, typographical, and other organizational devices like tables and graphs to achieve certain purposes in their writing, and rely on those devices to construct meaning and enhance understanding (3)
  • read with greater fluency, confidence, and comprehension by furthering personal understanding, recognition, and use cueing systems and strategies to read and view increasingly complex texts (4)
  • regularly identify the processes and strategies readers and viewers apply when constructing meaning; develop an understanding of the personal processes and strategies applied when reading and viewing; reflect on personal growth as readers and viewers of texts and use this awareness of personal development to push reading and viewing abilities even further (5)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO E (Reading/Viewing)
    interpret, select, and combine information using a variety of strategies, resources, and technologies

  • access appropriate print and non-print sources with increasing independence and select information to meet specific needs with increasing speed, accuracy, and confidence (1)
  • experiment with and rely upon a range of print and non-print (e-mail, CD-ROMs, online databases...) sources for accessing and selecting information (2)
  • employ various relevant research strategies like generating questions, drafting an outline, or interviewing peers to determine what questions they would like (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO F (Reading/Viewing)
    respond personally to a range of texts

  • elaborate personal reactions to what is read and viewed by providing some extended explanations, examples, and supporting arguments (1)
  • state personal points of view about what is read and viewed and justify views with increasing regularity (2)
  • with increasing confidence and flexibility, find evidence in texts to support personal claims and viewpoints about issues, themes, and situations (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO G (Reading/Viewing)
    respond critically to a range of texts, applying their knowledge of language, form, and genre

  • recognize that texts need to be assessed for bias and broaden their understanding and awareness of the ways in which print and media texts can be biased; begin to question and think critically about the relevance and reliability of information for answering questions and inquiries (1)
  • identify the various features and elements writers use when writing for specific readers for specific purposes; describe how texts are organized to accommodate particular readers' needs and to contribute to meaning and effect (2)
  • expand on earlier abilities to respond critically to a range of texts in various ways
    -- understand how personal knowledge, ideas, values, perceptions, and points of view influence how writers create texts
    -- recognize how and when personal background influences meaning construction, understanding, and textual response
    -- describe how cultures and realities are portrayed in media texts (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO H (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use writing and other forms of representation to explore, clarify, and reflect on their thoughts, feelings, experiences, and learnings; and to use their imagination

  • demonstrate competence in the frequent use of writing and representing strategies to extend learning; to explore their own thoughts and consider others' ideas, to reflect on their feelings, values, and attitudes; and to identify problems and describe logical solutions (1)
  • identify and reflect upon strategies that are effective in helping them learn; to describe their personal growth as language learners and language users (2)
  • ... use various forms of note-making appropriate to various purposes and situations (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO J (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use a range of strategies to develop effective writing and media products to enhance their clarity, precision, and effectiveness

  • gather information from a variety of sources (interviews, film, CD-ROMs, texts) and integrate ideas in communication (5)
  • Organizing Information Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO G (Reading/Viewing)
    respond critically to a range of texts, applying their knowledge of language, form, and genre

  • recognize that texts need to be assessed for bias and broaden their understanding and awareness of the ways in which print and media texts can be biased; begin to question and think critically about the relevance and reliability of information for answering questions and inquiries (1)
  • identify the various features and elements writers use when writing for specific readers for specific purposes; describe how texts are organized to accommodate particular readers' needs and to contribute to meaning and effect (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO H (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use writing and other forms of representation to explore, clarify, and reflect on their thoughts, feelings, experiences, and learnings; and to use their imagination

  • identify and reflect upon strategies that are effective in helping them learn; to describe their personal growth as language learners and language users (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO J (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use a range of strategies to develop effective writing and media products to enhance their clarity, precision, and effectiveness

  • gather information from a variety of sources (interviews, film, CD-ROMs, texts) and integrate ideas in communication (5)
  • Creating New Information Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO A (Speaking/Listening)
    speak and listen to explore, extend, clarify and reflect on their thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences

  • state a point of view in a convincing manner, offering relevant information to support that viewpoint (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO D (Reading/Viewing)
    select, read, and view with understanding a range of literature, information, media, and visual texts

  • explain, with some regularity, how authors use pictorial, typographical, and other organizational devices like tables and graphs to achieve certain purposes in their writing, and rely on those devices to construct meaning and enhance understanding (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO H (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use writing and other forms of representation to explore, clarify, and reflect on their thoughts, feelings, experiences, and learnings; and to use their imagination

  • demonstrate competence in the frequent use of writing and representing strategies to extend learning; to explore their own thoughts and consider others' ideas, to reflect on their feelings, values, and attitudes; and to identify problems and describe logical solutions (1)
  • demonstrate an awareness of how and when to integrate interesting effects in imaginative writing and other ways of representing; include thoughts and feelings in addition to external descriptions and activities; integrate detail that adds richness and density; identify and correct inconsistencies and avoid extraneous detail; make effective language choices relevant to style and purpose, an, when appropriate, select more elaborate and sophisticated vocabulary and phrasing (4)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO I (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    create texts collaboratively and independently, using a variety of forms for a range of audiences and purposes

  • consider and choose writing forms that match both the writing purpose (to define, report, persuade, compare) and the reader for whom the text is intended (understand why language choice, organization, and voice used in an essay differs from that used in a media advertisement) (2)
  • attempt to use various technologies for communicating to a variety of audiences for a range of purposes (3)
  • keep the reader and purpose for writing in mind when choosing content, writing style, tone of voice, language choice, and text organization (4)
  • know how and when to ask for reader feedback while writing and incorporate appropriate suggestions when revising subsequent drafts; assess self-generated drafts from readers'/viewers'/listeners' perspective (5)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO J (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use a range of strategies to develop effective writing and media products to enhance their clarity, precision, and effectiveness

  • build and rely upon a broad knowledge base of how words are spelled and formed; use such knowledge to spell unfamiliar words and expand vocabulary; regularly use resource texts to verify spelling; use punctuation and grammatical structures capably and accurately; use a variety of sentence patterns, vocabulary choices, and paragraphing with flexibility and creativity to engage readers (1)
  • choose, with increasing regularity, the prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, proofreading, and presentation strategies to aid in producing various texts (2)
  • attempt to use various technologies for communicating to a variety of audiences for a range of purposes (3)
  • demonstrate a commitment to crafting pieces of writing and other representations (4)
  • gather information from a variety of sources (interviews, film, CD-ROMs, texts) and integrate ideas in communication (5)
  • Sharing and Presenting Information Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO A (Speaking/Listening)
    speak and listen to explore, extend, clarify and reflect on their thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences

  • consider and reflect on the contributions of others' ideas during discussions (1)
  • ask questions that probe for accuracy, relevancy, and validity; respond thoughtfully and appropriately to such questions (2)
  • state a point of view in a convincing manner, offering relevant information to support that viewpoint (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO B (Speaking/Listening)
    communicate information and ideas effectively and clearly, and to respond personally and critically

  • contribute to small-group conversation and whole-group discussion, choosing appropriate strategies that contribute to effective talk (1)
  • recognize that different purposes and audiences influence communication choices such as vocabulary, sentence structure, rate of speech, and tone during talk; consider appropriate communication choices in various speaking contexts (2)
  • give instructions and respond appropriately to instructions, directions, and questions (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO H (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use writing and other forms of representation to explore, clarify, and reflect on their thoughts, feelings, experiences, and learnings; and to use their imagination

  • demonstrate competence in the frequent use of writing and representing strategies to extend learning; to explore their own thoughts and consider others' ideas, to reflect on their feelings, values, and attitudes; and to identify problems and describe logical solutions (1)
  • identify and reflect upon strategies that are effective in helping them learn; to describe their personal growth as language learners and language users (2)
  • demonstrate an awareness of how and when to integrate interesting effects in imaginative writing and other ways of representing; include thoughts and feelings in addition to external descriptions and activities; integrate detail that adds richness and density; identify and correct inconsistencies and avoid extraneous detail; make effective language choices relevant to style and purpose, an, when appropriate, select more elaborate and sophisticated vocabulary and phrasing (4)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO I (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    create texts collaboratively and independently, using a variety of forms for a range of audiences and purposes

  • consider and choose writing forms that match both the writing purpose (to define, report, persuade, compare) and the reader for whom the text is intended (understand why language choice, organization, and voice used in an essay differs from that used in a media advertisement) (2)
  • attempt to use various technologies for communicating to a variety of audiences for a range of purposes (3)
  • keep the reader and purpose for writing in mind when choosing content, writing style, tone of voice, language choice, and text organization (4)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO J (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use a range of strategies to develop effective writing and media products to enhance their clarity, precision, and effectiveness

  • build and rely upon a broad knowledge base of how words are spelled and formed; use such knowledge to spell unfamiliar words and expand vocabulary; regularly use resource texts to verify spelling; use punctuation and grammatical structures capably and accurately; use a variety of sentence patterns, vocabulary choices, and paragraphing with flexibility and creativity to engage readers (1)
  • choose, with increasing regularity, the prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, proofreading, and presentation strategies to aid in producing various texts (2)
  • attempt to use various technologies for communicating to a variety of audiences for a range of purposes (3)
  • gather information from a variety of sources (interviews, film, CD-ROMs, texts) and integrate ideas in communication (5)
  • Assessment and Evaluation Stage

    GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO A (Speaking/Listening)
    speak and listen to explore, extend, clarify and reflect on their thoughts, ideas, feelings, and experiences

  • consider and reflect on the contributions of others' ideas during discussions (1)
  • ask questions that probe for accuracy, relevancy, and validity; respond thoughtfully and appropriately to such questions (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO B (Speaking/Listening)
    communicate information and ideas effectively and clearly, and to respond personally and critically

  • contribute to small-group conversation and whole-group discussion, choosing appropriate strategies that contribute to effective talk (1)
  • give instructions and respond appropriately to instructions, directions, and questions (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO D (Reading/Viewing)
    select, read, and view with understanding a range of literature, information, media, and visual texts

  • regularly identify the processes and strategies readers and viewers apply when constructing meaning; develop an understanding of the personal processes and strategies applied when reading and viewing; reflect on personal growth as readers and viewers of texts and use this awareness of personal development to push reading and viewing abilities even further (5)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO E (Reading/Viewing)
    interpret, select, and combine information using a variety of strategies, resources, and technologies

  • access appropriate print and non-print sources with increasing independence and select information to meet specific needs with increasing speed, accuracy, and confidence (1)
  • experiment with and rely upon a range of print and non-print (e-mail, CD-ROMs, online databases...) sources for accessing and selecting information (2)
  • employ various relevant research strategies like generating questions, drafting an outline, or interviewing peers to determine what questions they would like (3)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO H (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use writing and other forms of representation to explore, clarify, and reflect on their thoughts, feelings, experiences, and learnings; and to use their imagination

  • identify and reflect upon strategies that are effective in helping them learn; to describe their personal growth as language learners and language users (2)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO I (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    create texts collaboratively and independently, using a variety of forms for a range of audiences and purposes

  • consider and choose writing forms that match both the writing purpose (to define, report, persuade, compare) and the reader for whom the text is intended (understand why language choice, organization, and voice used in an essay differs from that used in a media advertisement) (2)
  • attempt to use various technologies for communicating to a variety of audiences for a range of purposes (3)
  • keep the reader and purpose for writing in mind when choosing content, writing style, tone of voice, language choice, and text organization (4)
  • know how and when to ask for reader feedback while writing and incorporate appropriate suggestions when revising subsequent drafts; assess self-generated drafts from readers'/viewers'/listeners' perspective (5)

  • GRADE LEVEL: 8
    GCO J (Writing/Other Ways of Representing)
    use a range of strategies to develop effective writing and media products to enhance their clarity, precision, and effectiveness

  • build and rely upon a broad knowledge base of how words are spelled and formed; use such knowledge to spell unfamiliar words and expand vocabulary; regularly use resource texts to verify spelling; use punctuation and grammatical structures capably and accurately; use a variety of sentence patterns, vocabulary choices, and paragraphing with flexibility and creativity to engage readers (1)
  • choose, with increasing regularity, the prewriting, drafting, revising, editing, proofreading, and presentation strategies to aid in producing various texts (2)
  • attempt to use various technologies for communicating to a variety of audiences for a range of purposes (3)
  • demonstrate a commitment to crafting pieces of writing and other representations (4)


  • Learning Resources Required
    (Print, non-print, audio-visual, electronic, community)

    Print - Books About The Earth's Crust

    • Earthquakes, David Lambert, Franklin Watts
    • Earth Afire, R. V. Fodor, William Morrow
    • Incredible Earth, Nick Clifford, Firefly Books
    • Make It Work! Earth, Wendy Baker, Scholastic
    • Shake, Rattle and Roll, Spencer Christian, John Wiley & Sons
    • Volcanoes and Earthquakes, Mary Elting, Scholastic
    • The New Book of Knowledge Encyclopedia, , Grolier
    • World Book Encyclopedia, , World Book Inc.
    • Children's Britannica, , Encylopedia Britannica Inc.
    • Compton's Encyclopedia, , Compton's Learning Co.

    Audio/Visual

    • Faulting and Folding, MacIntyre Media Ltd (Videocassette)
    • Formation of Continents and Mountains, MacIntyre Media Ltd (Videocassette)
    • Plate Dynamics, Magic Lantern (Videocassette)
    • Living Machine: Plate Tectonics/Continental Tectonics, Magic Lantern (Videocassette)
    • Our Changing Earth, Omega Film (Videocassette)
    • Mountain Building, Magic Lantern (Videocassette)
    • Lithoprobe: Probing the Earthquake, Energy, Mines and Resources (Videocassette)
    • Earth's Structure, Magic Lantern (Videocassette)

    Electronic - Websites

    Electronic - CD-ROM

    • Encarta Encyclopedia, (Microsoft)
    • Deluxe Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia, (Compton's Home Library)
    • World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia, (World Book Inc.)

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