Literary Devices


Literary devices are ways to make our writing clearer and more descriptive. These are devices we used to make our poetry better.

1. Rhyme: Some poems have a pattern rhyme at the end of each line. For example, words rhyme in pairs (aa,bb) or some have a skip-skip pattern (abab). Check out the rhyming patterns of your favourite poems or make up some of your own.

2. Free Verse: Poetry can be free of any rhyme, and can have different numbers of words on each line.

3. Alliteration: The same sound starts a series of words or syllables. Ex. The cold clammy hands clasped my neck.

4. Similes: A simile is a comparison using the words "like" or "as". Ex. He was as comfortable as a bug in a rug.

5. Personification: Personification is making a non-living object seem alive, like a person. Ex. The wind groaned.

6. Onomatopoeia: The sound of the word imitates the original sound. Ex. The door creaked when I opened it.

7. Metaphors: A metaphor is a comparison in which something is said to be something else. Ex. the clouds are fluffy pillows.

8. Refrain: Some poems have a refrain, or repeated words or phrases. This is similar to the chorus in a song.

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