Myths, Legends and Superstitions

Ever since the Roman Empire began, there have been many myths and stories right from the time Rome began, in or out of their religion. Legend has it that Rome evolved mythically when two brothers, both descendants of gods, were stranded by a river and starving. Their names were Romulus and Remus. Then a mother wolf came, took them in, and nursed them back to health. Later a pack of bears killed the wolf and took the two brothers, who did not try to get revenge because the pack taught them how to hunt and fight. Even later, the brothers left and found a hill to establish a settlement along the Tiber River in Italy. Romulus killed Remus so he could have the land and he named it Rome, after himself.

There are many evil superstitions in Rome. You've heard how in the Christian religion the snake is considered the lowest life form? Well, in the Roman religion, it's owls who are marked as a source of evil. There are kinds of seemingly phony superstitions about them and here are a few; an owl nailed to the door of a house will prevent the evil of other owls coming in; to dream of an owl while traveling meant that the traveller would be robbed on land or shipwrecked on the water; to here the hoot of an owl meant evil would take your life away because many leaders would die within forty-eight hours after they heard one, and the weirdest thing of all we thought, was that owls were really witches who came out at night and sucked the blood of babies kind of like vampires in horror movies.

There is a fine line between religion and myths in Rome. The Romans had many gods and for each land they aquired they granted some to the gods. Also they made prayers to the gods and built temples for every difficult task they accomplished. The most important gods in Roman time were Jupiter, Mars, Quirius, Janus, andVesta. Jupiter was the highest god according to the Romans, with his powers to make rain and with his lighting he could protect the Roman army in battle. Janus was the god of the gates and he also opened the New Year, which was why they named the month of January after him as with Vesta. Mars and Quirinus were always assiciated together and they were followers of Jupiter who was also the son of the Greek god Zeus. together they directed all of the gods in their tasks and had power over the land.

There were two kinds of gods; the di indigates, meaning "Original gods of the roman state" and the novensides, meaning "The titles of the earliest priests," but no matter which kind they were they ruled different tasks all the same.