Pretty well every guitar is made up of the same parts like the body, bridge, fret board, nut, tuning pegs, and headstock. Electric or acoustic electric have a couple different parts like, tremolo bars, volume, tone control, and pickups. The strings thread through the bridge over the pickups and frets, through the nut and pegs. When you push down the tremolo bar it lifts the bridge and shrinks the strings making a different sound. The pickups do just what the name says, they pick up the sound and send it to the amplifier.