Hungary is located in the central part of Europe, northwest of Romania.
How far is
Hungary from your place? Other countries that
border Hungary are Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia, Croatia and Slovenia. It covers an
area of 93,030 square kilometers - with 92,340 sq km of land, and 690 sq km of water. The land
is mostly flat to rolling plains, with hills and mountains on the Slovakia border.
There are many land resources in Hungary. They mine for coal and dig for natural gas.
They use fertile soil to grow crops. They find bauxite, the principle ore of the metal aluminum.
The only body of water in Hungary is Lake Balaton. The main river of transport is the Danube
River. The water resources are few. Bass were plentiful in earlier years, but pollution and
silt have reduced their numbers.
The climate in Hungary varies. Their spring is similar to ours, with plenty of rainfall and
cool temperatures. Their summers are very long with warm and humid temperatures reaching the
high twenties to low thirties Celsius. Fall time is very similar to Canada, with warm days and
cooler, windy days. Their winters are humid and damp, with very little snow. The average
rainfall varies, with November being it's rainiest month.
In Hungary, the population is 10.1 million. The people in Hungary live in a variety of styles
of homes. In older villages, houses were made out of a type of mud, with straw roofs. The
walls of these homes could be up to two feet in thickness. Today many homes still have no
indoor plumbing. In Budapest, and other cities, houses are mostly made out of bricks. Indoor
plumbing is a given in most populated villages and cities. Many people live in apartments, as
Food and Clothing
Hungary is known for its excellent food. In the old days, fatty meat, overcooked fish and
soups were favored, because times were hard. But today, people can make more tasty food. Pork
is the meat of choice in Hungary. Some traditional dishes are: goulash, which is a type of
thickened beef soup; halaszle, which is a spicy fish soup; palacsinta, which is stuffed crepes.
In the old days, people wore special costumes for special occasions. These costumes were
homemade, very colorful and decorated with embroidery. Hungary is famous for its embroidery.
Today, all the clothes Hungarians wear are similar to what Canadians wear, depending on the
season. Styles vary from jeans and sweaters, to skirts and blouses. Everything goes,
especially in the bigger cities!
Grape growing for the famous wines is a past time of
many. The country exports machinery, equipment, and food products, such as wine. They produce
beautiful embroidery, pottery, ceiling and wall painting and objects carved from wood and bone.
In Hungary, the main language spoken is Hungarian. The percentage of this language is 98.2%.
Other languages spoken, German, for example, add up to 1.8%. The type of government in
Hungary is Parliamentary Democracy. The Hungarian President is Ferenc Madl. In earlier years,
Communism was the government that ran the country. The revolution of 1956 began the change of
government in Hungary.
There are many religions practiced in Hungary. The majority of people are Roman Catholic at
68%. Reformed or Calvinist takes up 21% of the people, while Evangelical or Lutheran and other
religions take up the remainder. Education in Hungary is similar to Canada's system. Most
people can read and write over the age of 15. Public schools are the most popular type of
school, and University is available to those who can afford it.
The holidays of Hungary are almost similar to Canadian holidays. But there are some
differences. Hungarians celebrate Christmas on December 25, but they also have a Hungarian
Santa who comes on December 6. The tradition is to shine a shoe and put it on the window sill.
When morning comes, the shoe will be filled with gifts, if you have been good. If you are bad,
you will get a stick. Another holiday they celebrate is "Name Day". Every day of the year
has a name on the calendar. If your name is on the calendar, on that date, you will have a
celebration, which is like another birthday. Hungary's National Holiday is called St. Stephen's
Day, which is on August 20. Lake Balaton is the area of choice for holidays. It is the recreation center of Hungary.
Horseback riding, bird watching, canoeing, hiking, wind surfing and swimming are all enjoyed.
Everyone enjoys the event of wine making; almost everyone has their own little grape growing
By Jace Patkai