Ireland is the western most and the second largest of the British Isles in the North Atlantic
Ocean, and is separated from Great Britain by St. Georges Channel.
How far is
Ireland from your place? The area of Ireland is
84,431 square kilometers. Ireland has mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by
rugged hills and low mountains with sea cliffs on west coast; it is only about 2000 feet or 752
meters above sea level.
The seasons in Ireland are mild winters and spring, and cool summers
and fall. The climate is temperate maritime, consistently humid; overcast about half the time;
there is a great deal of rainfall.
The Irish people speak mostly English; Gaelic is spoken mainly in areas located along the
western seacoast. 92% of Irish people are Roman Catholic, and Church of Ireland 2.5%, other
5.9%. The people learn the language, and the rules and customs from their parents, and their
religion from their church. Their holidays are Independence Day on December 6, and Saint
Patrick's Day, on March 17.
The population in Ireland is 3,840,838 people. Their government is a democratic republic;
their capital is Dublin. Administrative divisions include 26 counties; Carlow, Cavan, Clare,
Cork, Donegal, Dublin, Galway, Kerry, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Leitrim, Limerick, Longford,
Louth, Mayo, Meath, Monaghan, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo, Tipperary, Waterford, Westmeath,
Wexford, and Wicklow.
Chief of state is President Mary McAleese (since November 11, 1997)
and head of government is Prime Minister Bertie Ahern (since June 26, 1997). Cabinet is
appointed by the president with previous nomination by the prime minister and approval of the
House of Representatives. The president is elected by popular vote for a seven-year term, and
the prime minister is nominated by the House of Representatives and appointed by the
By Evan Campbell