|Parts of Speech|
In the English language, words are divided into parts of speech complying with their use in a sentence. Parts of speech include the noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, and conjunction.
is the name of a place, person, idea,
or thing. There are two primary classes of nouns, common and proper. Common nouns also separate
into two classes, collective and abstract. A common noun names any one of a class of persons, places, or things. e.g. stick, boy, house.
A proper noun is the name of a particular person, place, or thing. e.g. John, Canada, August.
A collective noun is the name of persons or things. e.g. committee, company, team.
An abstract noun is the name of a quality, condition, action, or relation. e.g. wisdom, danger,
A Agreement of a pronoun with its antecedent:
APRONOUN is a word used to replace a noun. The noun which the pronoun has replaced is called its antecedent. Pronouns can be classed into five different groups: demonstrative, personal, interrogative, indefinite, and relative. A demonstrative pronoun points out. e.g. This is my toy. A personal pronoun, by form, denotes the speaker, the person spoken to, or the person or thing spoken of. Personal pronouns are classed into three categories:
Agreement of a pronoun with its antecedent:
AVERB is a word that expresses an act, happening or state of a person, place, thing, or quality. The verb is also the primary part of the predicate. e.g. John walked to his house. Mary is drinking. The sticks are yours.
ADJECTIVES are words which modify nouns and pronouns. Adjectives can describe something. e.g. beautiful, soft, big. Adjectives can also show how many there are of something. e.g. two, three, ten. There are also a few adjectives that point out. e.g. this, that, these, those.
ADVERBS are words which modify verbs,
adjectives, or another adverb. e.g. You read too quickly. Write carefully. This book is green.
Adverbs usually tell cause, degree, place, or time.
APREPOSITION is a word which shows the relationship between an object and another word in the sentence. e.g. We are going to Cleveland this summer. The main office is in Vancouver.
ACONJUNCTION connects words or groups of words. e.g. Jorge and Sera were suntanning on the beach, before it began to snow. There are two main types of conjunctions: coordinate and subordinate. A coordinate conjunction connects words, phrases, a clauses of equal rank. e.g. Mark and Jane are going over to Jorge´s house. A subordinate conjunction connects two clauses of unequal rank. e.g. We went to the beach before it snowed.
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